EBSD Tutorial edit page

A quick guide on how to import and make basic plots with EBSD data in MTEX.

Data import

MTEX allows you to import EBSD from all big vendors of EBSD systems. Prefered data formats are text based data files like .ang, .ctf or open binary formats like .osc or .h5. Most conveniently, EBSD data may be imported using the import wizard, by typing

import_wizard

or by the command EBSD.load

%load some test data packaged with your MTEX installation
fileName = [mtexDataPath filesep 'EBSD' filesep 'Forsterite.ctf'];
ebsd = EBSD.load(fileName)
ebsd = EBSD
 
 Phase  Orientations     Mineral         Color  Symmetry  Crystal reference frame
     0   58485 (24%)  notIndexed                                                 
     1  152345 (62%)  Forsterite  LightSkyBlue       mmm                         
     2   26058 (11%)   Enstatite  DarkSeaGreen       mmm                         
     3   9064 (3.7%)    Diopside     Goldenrod     12/m1       X||a*, Y||b*, Z||c
 
 Properties: bands, bc, bs, error, mad, x, y
 Scan unit : um

This command outputs ebsd data stored in a single variable, called ebsd. This variable contains all relevant information, i.e., the spatial coordinates, the orientation information, a description of the crystal symmetries and all other parameters contained in the input data file.

Phase Plots

In this example, the output above shows that the data set contains three different phases: Forsterite, Enstatite, and Diopside. The spatial distribution of the different phases can be visualized by the plotting command

plotx2east % this command tells MTEX to plot the x coordinates increasing to the east (left)
plot(ebsd,'coordinates','on')

When importing EBSD data it is critically important to align it correctly to a fixed reference frame. This issue is exhaustively discussed in the topic Reference Frame Alignment.

Orientation Plots

Analyzing orientations of an EBSD map can be done only for each phase seperately. The key syntax to restrict the data to a single phase is

ebsd('Forsterite')
ans = EBSD
 
 Phase   Orientations     Mineral         Color  Symmetry  Crystal reference frame
     1  152345 (100%)  Forsterite  LightSkyBlue       mmm                         
 
 Properties: bands, bc, bs, error, mad, x, y
 Scan unit : um

Now we may restrict the variable to Forsterite orientations by

ebsd('Forsterite').orientations
ans = orientation (Forsterite → xyz)
  size: 152345 x 1

and may use this syntax to plot an ipf map of all Forsterite orientations

plot(ebsd('Forsterite'),ebsd('Forsterite').orientations,'micronbar','off')

In this standard form a default color coding of the orientations is choosen. A more complete discussion about how to colorize orientations can be found in the topic IPF Maps.

Grain reconstruction

MTEX contains a sophisticated algorithm for reconstructing the grain structure from EBSD data as described in the paper Grain detection from 2d and 3d EBSD data and the topic Grain Reconstruction. The syntax is

% reconstruct grains with a theshold angle of 10 degrees
grains = calcGrains(ebsd('indexed'),'theshold',10*degree)

% smooth the grains to avoid the staircase effect
grains = smooth(grains,5);
grains = grain2d
 
 Phase  Grains  Pixels     Mineral  Symmetry  Crystal reference frame
     1    1080  152345  Forsterite       mmm                         
     2     515   26058   Enstatite       mmm                         
     3    1496    9064    Diopside     12/m1       X||a*, Y||b*, Z||c
 
 boundary segments: 43918
 inner boundary segments: 266
 triple points: 3417
 
 Properties: meanRotation, GOS

This creates a variable grains of type grain2d which containes the full geometric information about all grains and their boundaries. As the simplest application we may just plot the grain boundaries

% plot the grain boundaries on top of the ipf map
hold on
plot(grains.boundary,'lineWidth',2)
hold off

Crystal Shapes

In order to make the visualization of crystal orientations more intuitive MTEX supports crystal shapes. Those are polyhedrons computed to match the typical shape of ideal crystals. In order to overlay the EBSD map with crystal shapes orienteted accordingly to the orientations of the grains we proceed as follows.

% define the crystal shape of Forsterite and store it in the variable cS
cS = crystalShape.olivine(ebsd('Forsterite').CS)

% select only grains with more then 100 pixels
grains = grains(grains.grainSize > 100);

% plot crystal shapes at the positions of the Forsterite grains
hold on
plot(grains('Forsterite'),0.7*cS,'FaceColor',[0.3 0.5 0.3])
hold off
cS = crystalShape
 mineral: Forsterite (mmm)
 vertices: 36
 faces: 20

Pole Figures

One of the most important tools for analysing the orientations in an EBSD map are pole figure plots. Those answer the question of how selected crystal directions, here h, are aligned with respect to specimen directions

% the selected crystal directions
h = Miller({1,0,0},{0,1,0},{0,0,1},ebsd('Forsterite').CS);

% plot their positions with respect to specimen coordinates
plotPDF(ebsd('Forsterite').orientations,h,'figSize','medium')
I'm plotting 1250 random orientations out of 152345 given orientations
  You can specify the the number points by the option "points".
  The option "all" ensures that all data are plotted

Inverse Pole Figures

Analogously one can ask for the crystal directions pointing in a selected specimen direction. The resulting plots are called inverse pole figures.

% select the specimen direction
r = vector3d.Z;

% plot the position of the z-Axis in crystal coordinates
plotIPDF(ebsd('Forsterite').orientations,r,'MarkerSize',5,...
  'MarkerFaceAlpha',0.05,'MarkerEdgeAlpha',0.05)
I'm plotting 12500 random orientations out of 152345 given orientations