This page describes how to use MTEX to estimate an ODF from pole figure data.

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ODF Estimation |

Error analysis |

Discretization |

Zero Range Method |

Ghost Corrections |

Theory |

Starting point of any ODF reconstruction is a PoleFigure object which can be created e.g. by

`mtexdata dubna`

See interfaces for more infomation how to import pole figure data and to create a pole figure object.

```
% plot pole figures
plot(pf)
```

ODF estimation from a pole figure object is done by the function calcODF. The most simplest syntax is

odf = calcODF(pf)

initialize solver start iteration error: 7.4639E-01 5.5949E-01 3.4031E-01 1.9644E-01 1.6575E-01 1.5709E-01 1.5039E-01 1.4653E-01 1.4328E-01 1.4087E-01 1.3834E-01 Finished PDF-ODF inversion. error: 1.3834E-01 alpha: 7.6857E+01 7.2451E+00 1.0344E+02 9.5749E+01 4.9403E+01 6.5850E+01 1.4304E+02 odf = ODF crystal symmetry : Quartz (321, X||a*, Y||b, Z||c*) specimen symmetry: 1 Radially symmetric portion: kernel: de la Vallee Poussin, halfwidth 5° center: 19830 orientations, resolution: 5° weight: 1

There are a lot of options to the function calcODF. You can specify the discretization, the functional to minimize, the number of iteration or regularization to be applied. Furthermore, you can specify ghost correction or the zero range method to be applied. These options are discussed below.

You may want to verify that the pole figures are reproduced. Here is a plot of the computed pole figures.

plotPDF(odf,h,'antipodal','silent','superposition',c)

For a more quantitative description of the reconstruction quality, one can use the function calcError to compute the fit between the reconstructed ODF and the measured pole figure intensities. The following measured are available:

- RP - error
- L1 - error
- L2 - error

`calcError(pf,odf,'RP',1)`

progress: 100% ans = 0.6739 0.7825 0.1904 0.2366 0.5677 0.6109 0.4506

In order to recognize bad pole figure intensities, it is often useful to plot difference pole figures between the normalized measured intensities and the recalculated ODF. This can be done by the command PlotDiff.

plotDiff(pf,odf)

progress: 100%

Assuming you have driven two ODFs from different pole figure measurements or by ODF modeling. Then one can ask for the difference between both. This difference is computed by the command calcError.

% define a unimodal ODF with the same modal orientation odf_model = unimodalODF(calcModes(odf),'halfwidth',15*degree) % plot the pole figures plotPDF(odf_model,h,'antipodal','superposition',c) % compute the difference calcError(odf_model,odf)

progress: 100% odf_model = ODF crystal symmetry : Quartz (321, X||a*, Y||b, Z||c*) specimen symmetry: 1 Radially symmetric portion: kernel: de la Vallee Poussin, halfwidth 15° center: (136°,36°,203°) weight: 1 progress: 100% ans = 0.4694

In MTEX the ODF is approximated by a superposition of up to 10,000,000 unimodal components. By exact number and position of these components, as well as its shape can be specified by the user. By default, the positions are chosen equispaced in the orientation space with 1.5 times the resolution of the pole figures and the components are de la Vallee Poussin shaped with the same halfwidth as the resolution of the positions.

Next an example how to change the default resolution:

odf = calcODF(pf,'resolution',15*degree) plotPDF(odf,h,'antipodal','silent','superposition',c)

initialize solver start iteration error: 7.4643E-01 6.1617E-01 4.9420E-01 4.0576E-01 3.4736E-01 3.1383E-01 2.9673E-01 2.8824E-01 2.8342E-01 2.8057E-01 2.7888E-01 Finished PDF-ODF inversion. error: 2.7888E-01 alpha: 7.7752E+01 7.1992E+00 1.0146E+02 1.0111E+02 4.9956E+01 6.5328E+01 1.4054E+02 odf = ODF crystal symmetry : Quartz (321, X||a*, Y||b, Z||c*) specimen symmetry: 1 Radially symmetric portion: kernel: de la Vallee Poussin, halfwidth 15° center: 421 orientations, resolution: 15° weight: 1

Beside the resolution you can use the following options to change the default discretization:

**kernel**to specify a specific kernel function**halfwidth**to take the default kernel with a specific halfwidth

If the flag **zero_range** is set the ODF is forced to be zero at all orientation where there is a corresponding zero in the pole figure. This technique
is especially useful for sharp ODF with large areas in the pole figure being zero. In this case, the calculation time is greatly
improved and much higher resolution of the ODF can be achieved.

In the following example, the zero range method is applied with a threshold 100. For more options to control the zero range method see the documentation of zero_range or plot_zero_range.

odf = calcODF(pf,'zero_range') plotPDF(odf,h,'antipodal','silent','superposition',c)

applying zero range method to (02-21)...... - reduction: 4581 / 19848 applying zero range method to (10-10)...... - reduction: 2616 / 19848 applying zero range method to (01-11)(10-11)...... - reduction: 2616 / 19848 applying zero range method to (10-12)...... - reduction: 2312 / 19848 applying zero range method to (11-20)...... - reduction: 2222 / 19848 applying zero range method to (11-21)...... - reduction: 2109 / 19848 applying zero range method to (11-22)...... - reduction: 2026 / 19848 initialize solver start iteration error: 4.3484E-01 2.2892E-01 1.6573E-01 1.5349E-01 1.4868E-01 1.4612E-01 1.4436E-01 1.4312E-01 1.4211E-01 1.4130E-01 1.4060E-01 Finished PDF-ODF inversion. error: 1.4060E-01 alpha: 7.7442E+01 7.4101E+00 1.0345E+02 9.4669E+01 5.0735E+01 6.6847E+01 1.4137E+02 odf = ODF crystal symmetry : Quartz (321, X||a*, Y||b, Z||c*) specimen symmetry: 1 Radially symmetric portion: kernel: de la Vallee Poussin, halfwidth 5° center: 2025 orientations, resolution: 5° weight: 1

*Ghost correction* is a technique first introduced by Matthies that increases the uniform portion of the estimated ODF to reduce the so called
*ghost error*. It applies especially useful in the case of week ODFs. The classical example is the SantaFe model ODF. An analysis of the approximation error under ghost correction can be found here

ODF estimation in MTEX is based upon the modified least squares estimator. The functional that is minimized is

A precise description of the estimator and the algorithm can be found in the paper *Pole Figure Inversion - The MTEX Algorithm*.

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